The Welfare State in Britain since 1945 (Paperback) by Lowe Rodney
Since the 1970s welfare reform has been a political priority throughout the western world. In Britain it has dominated New Labour under Tony Blair as much as it did the Conservatives under Margaret Thatcher. More generally globalization has raised fears that national governments will dismantle their welfare states and as in the 1930s expose their citizens to the danger of mass unemployment and poverty. The Welfare State in Britain since 1945 examines key questions such as: - Why were welfare states created after the Second World War? - Did the 'classic' welfare state in Britain create a more fair and efficient society as its creators such as Beveridge hoped; or did it stifle initiative and enterprise thereby accelerating economic decline? - Since the 1970s has the introduction of greater market discipline into economic and social policy resulted in the dismantling of the welfare state; or has it been effectively restructured to satisfy old and meet new needs? - Is there a new 'Thatcherite' consensus? - Has Britain become once again as in the 1940s a welfare leader?This new edition of a well-established text has been enlarged to provide full coverage of the Thatcher years and New Labour. Rodney Lowe incorporates the latest research as well as an appreciation of variations in national policy particularly in the aftermath of devolution. In so doing Lowe provides the fullest range of available evidence on which to base informed judgements on the past record and future direction of welfare policy in Britain.