Quercus Ilex (Holly oak) - Plant
Quercus ilex, commonly called holly oak or holm oak, is a medium to large evergreen oak that typically grows to 40-70? (less frequently to 90?) tall and features upright branching, dense foliage, a rounded crown with branches extending near the ground and fissured gray bark. It is native to the Mediterranean region (southern Europe and northern Africa), with a concentration in forested areas on the Iberian Peninsula. It was introduced to California in 1858, and has now naturalized along the coast from San Diego north to British Columbia.