Paul Ricoeurs Hermeneutics & The Discour by Vries Peter C. De
The apocalyptic discourse of Mark 13 predicts that cataclysmic events will occur within the generation of Jesus' contemporaries but readers today know these events have not taken place. Paul Ricoeur's hermeneutics enables a reader to understand this text as a presentation of truth rather than as a failed prediction. Ricoeur argues that the meaning of a text is not defined by the author's intention nor by the reader's reception but by the text itself. Therefore although Mark 13 was originally understood literally today's reader is able to read it as metaphor and to discern latent meaning that is present in the text. As Ricoeur explains metaphor associates previously unrelated concepts and creates new multiple meanings. In doing metaphor is able to present truth not as a verifiable presentation of the world but as a novel manifestation of the world. Mark 13 functions as metaphor because of a double dissonance: first between the configured world of the text and the lived world of the reader and second between claim that Jesus is able to predict when the events will take place (v. 30) and the assertion that he is not able to do so (v. 32). One option for the metaphorical meaning that Mark 13 offers for today's reader is the perception of the presence of forces that challenge and subvert powers which appear to be dominant and which deceive destroy and persecute. This book will appeal to two sets of readers. First scholars who study New Testament apocalyptic texts and the eschatological expectations of the early church will appreciate a new approach to a challenging subject matter. Second Ricoeur scholars who focus upon the religious aspects of his work will enjoy the employment of his interpretive approach on a Biblical genre that has heretofore receive only cursory attention.