Cataphracts by Anderson Erich B.
Cataphracts were the most heavily armoured form of cavalry in the ancient world with riders and mounts both clad in heavy armour. Originating among the wealthiest nobles of various central Asian steppe tribes such as the Massegatae and Scythians they were adopted and adapted by several major empires. The Achaemenid Persians Seleucids Sassanians and eventually the Romans and their Byzantine successors. Usually armed with long lances they harnessed the mobility and mass of the horse to the durability and solid fighting power of the spear-armed phalanx. Although very expensive to equip and maintain (not least due to the need for a supply of suitable horses) they were potential battle winners and remained in use for many centuries. Erich B Anderson assesses the development equipment tactics and combat record of cataphracts (and the similar clibinarii) showing also how enemies sought to counter them. This is a valuable study of one of the most interesting weapon systems of the ancient world.